Los neocolonialistas piensan que hay buenos colonos y colonos muy malos. Se trata, mediante prudentes reformas, de dar pan a nueve millones de personas. Su tentativa no tuvo resultado. De Esta vez, es el capitalismo el que se hace colonialista.
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It is not an abstract mechanism. The system exists, it functions; the infernal cycle of colonialism is a reality. But this reality is embodied in a million colonists, children and grandchildren of colonists, who have been shaped by colonialism and who think, speak and act according to the very principles of the colonial system.
Some among them reject their objective reality: carried along by the colonial apparatus, they do each day, in deed, what they condemn in their dreams, and each of their acts contributes to maintaining oppression. They will change nothing, be of no use to anyone, and find their moral comfort in their malaise, that is all. The others--and they are the majority--sooner or later accept themselves as they are. How can this elite of usurpers, conscious of their mediocrity, justify their privileges?
Only one way: diminish the colonized in order to exult themselves, deny the status of human beings to the natives, and deprive them of basic rights.
That will not be difficult as, precisely, the system deprives them of everything: colonialist practice has engraved the colonial idea on things themselves; it is the movement of things which designates both the colonist and the colonized. Thus oppression justifies itself: the oppressors produce and maintain by force the evils which, in their eyes, make the oppressed resemble more and more what they would need to be in order to deserve their fate.
It is not yet horror but a feeling that horror exists, very close by, all the more threatening because we cannot and will not look it in the face. What does he believe? What has he decided to forget? What if I were to find a criminal acquiescence in the man who has just shaken my hand?
This man says nothing: he who says nothing consents. But I do not say anything either. What if, on the contrary, it were he who reproached me for my spinelessness?
Mistrust teaches us a new solitude: we are separated from our fellow citizens by the fear of having to despise or of being despised. It is one and the same thing, moreover, since we are all the same and are afraid of questioning people because their response might well reveal our degradation. Have they not carried out atrocities? And that is what makes us guilty: the turmoil in our minds, the game of hide and seek that we play, the lamps that we dim, this painful bad faith.
Here it is, completely naked and not beautiful: it was nothing but an illusory ideology, the exquisite justification for pillage; its tenderness and its affectation sanctioned our acts of aggression. The non-violent are looking pleased with themselves: neither victims nor executioners! Come on! And if you choose to be victims, to risk one or two days in prison, you are just extricating yourself while you can.
But you cannot extricate yourself: you must stay in to the bitter end. Understand this for once: if the violence had started this evening, if exploitation or oppression had never existed on earth, perhaps this display of non-violence could settle the dispute. But if the entire regime and even your non-violent thoughts are a condition born of an age-old oppression, your passivity only serves to place you on the side of the oppressors.
Different human beings, of better quality. This time? It was kind of the same thing. Except with history. And I must say, written in a much more coherent and understandable manner. Sartre takes sides against the s French establishment on Algeria, war, and the state of mind in France. He also trashes De Gaulle thoroughly and deservedly.
He has such thoughtful, incisive things to say about the government at the time. He was excommunicated The last time I read Sartre, it involved "No Exit" and hell and lots of insane, awful people. He was excommunicated from many circles for writing what he wrote in this book, and in a France reeling from the shock of losing their world power, the devastation of WWII, and in a state of denial that I believe has lasted up to the present day that makes some sense.
Recommended for students of colonialism and French history, and Sartre fans who want to see a different side of their hero.
Colonialism and Neocolonialism
Chicsino, S. Luego llegaron los viajeros comerciantes y turistas que son militares disminuidos: el saqueo se llama "shopping", y las violaciones se practican onerosamente en los establecimientos especializados. Pero la actitud de principio no ha cambiado: se mata con menos frecuencia a los indgenas pero se los desprecia en bloque, que es la forma civilizada de la matanza; se gusta el aristocrtico placer de contar las separaciones. Eso se llama el juego de las anomalas; si se encuentra una de ms, si se descubre una nueva razn para no comprender, se tendr, en el pas de uno, un premio de sensibilidad. Los que recomponen as a sus semejantes como un mosaico de diferencias irreductibles, no es de extraar que se pregunten, en seguida, cmo se puede ser chino. De nio fui vctima de lo pintoresco: se hizo todo lo posible para hacer temibles a los chinos.
Tecage Widhyanto Muttaqien rated it really liked it Nov 16, It is one and the same thing, moreover, since we are all the same and are afraid of questioning people because their response might well reveal our degradation. Patterson rated it really liked it Jun 08, This book is a collection of essays which offer a French perspective for those pursuing colonial studies. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Dec 22, Little Danny rated it really liked it.