Genesi e tema del romanzo[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] La stesura del romanzo richiese a Steinbeck solo 5 mesi. Anzi, cento giorni di lavoro pieno, essendo gli altri "giorni dispersivi: amici, distrazioni e pigrizia". Cominciato il 31 maggio , viene portato a termine con estrema fatica il 26 ottobre dello stesso anno. Costoro intraprendono a bordo di un autocarro un lungo viaggio lungo la Route 66 verso la California , dopo aver letto un volantino di ricerca lavoro.
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It scares the poop out of me because, my fellow Americans, we are repeating history. If live anywhere else read it as well as a guide for what not to do. In the Grapes of Wrath Mr. Steinbeck tells the tale of the first great depression through the Joad family from Oklahoma, who has been displaced from their family farm through no fault of their own.
You see, there was a big bad drought which made farming impossible. In those days the family farm fed the family and what they had left over they sold. Then crop failure, drought, and flood were no longer little deaths within life, but simple losses of money.
And all their love was thinned with money, and all their fierceness dribbled away in interest until they were no longer farmers at all, but little shopkeepers of crops, little manufacturers who must sell before they can make. Then those farmers who were not good shopkeepers lost their land to good shopkeepers. No matter how clever, how loving a man might be with earth and growing things, he could not survive if he were not also a good shopkeeper.
And as time went on, the business men had the farms, and the farms grew larger, but there were fewer of them. Put them on the streets, children and elderly and all…….. Poor people are less than. From California came hand bills, pamphlets promising jobs and urging the homeless to drag their whole lives via barely moving junk heaps to the golden state where grapes grew in bunches by the side of the road.
What choice did they have? They drove across deserts and mountains, losing loved ones along the way, they answered those hand bills in droves. What else could they do? What happened when they got to California?
They were called Okies and shitheals and were looked down upon. As if they were just lazy and all it would take to get out of poverty was to get a job……but there were no fucking jobs. The owners sent out more handbills then they needed to. Because the more men begging for a job the less the owners would have to pay them.
Supply and demand. The greedy sons a bitches wanted to pay as little as possible, and that is exactly what they did. The Okies did not have a union of course. And that companion fact: when a majority of the people are hungry and cold they will take by force what they need.
And the little screaming fact that sounds through all history: repression works only to strengthen and knit the repressed. The great owners ignored the three cries of history. The land fell into fewer hands, the number of the dispossessed increased, and every effort of the great owners was directed at repression. The money was spent for arms, for gas to protect the great holdings, and spies were sent to catch the murmuring of revolt so that it might be stamped out.
The changing economy was ignored, plans for the change ignored; and only means to destroy revolt were considered, while the causes of revolt went on. That is ,, people, people.
Not bloody likely. Pray God some day a kid can eat. And the associations of owners knew that some day the praying would stop.
Riassunto Le vicende prendono piede in Oklahoma: dopo quattro anni di galera per aver ucciso in una rissa un uomo che lo aveva accoltellato, Tom Joad ottiene uno sconto di pena e parte per raggiungere la sua famiglia. I Joad sono infatti mezzadri che, come molti altri, lavorano da generazioni i campi. Tom incontra inoltre Muley Greaves, un vecchio contadino che ha deciso di restare sulla sua terra piuttosto che seguire la sua famiglia, pur sapendo di essere destinato alla rovina e probabilmente alla morte. Insieme a Casy, Tom raggiunge la propria famiglia, che ora vive a casa dello zio John, in vista della partenza definitiva. Decisi a cercare fortuna ad Ovest, i Joad ammazzano un maiale e lo mettono sotto sale per avere sufficienti provviste, raccolgono i pochi averi rimasti su un vecchio camion recuperato da Al e si mettono in viaggio. Solo il nonno, al momento di partire, si rifiuta di lasciare la sua terra; per non perdere tempo ed evitare di lasciarlo indietro, i familiari gli somministrano un sedativo e lo caricano addormentato sul camion.
“Furore” di John Steinbeck: riassunto della trama
It was presumed that the unnamed country of the novel was Norway and the occupiers the Nazis. During the war, Steinbeck accompanied the commando raids of Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. At one point, he accompanied Fairbanks on an invasion of an island off the coast of Italy and helped capture Italian and German prisoners, using a Tommy Gun. Some of his writings from this period were incorporated in the documentary Once There Was a War Steinbeck returned from the war with a number of wounds from shrapnel and some psychological trauma. He treated himself, as ever, by writing.
Furore (romanzo di Steinbeck): riassunto