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Biography[ edit ] Politzer was already a militant by the time of his involvement in the Hungarian insurrection of He joined the French Communist Party somewhere between and During his tenure at the university, Politzer was entrusted with and given charge of a course on dialectical materialism.
A disciple of Marx and Lenin , Politzer was very interested in psychology , preaching the concrete aspects of this field, in relation to which he qualified traditional psychology as abstract. He also took a lively interest in nascent Freudian theory and its uses before eventually distancing himself from it.
Mobilized to Paris in , he remained on the side of the French Communist Party secret command. Demobilized in July , he oversaw the edition of a clandestine bulletin. All were executed by the nazis in He underwent torture, being turned over to the Nazis on 20 March and undergoing execution by firing squad at their hands on 23 May of that year, just after having secretly published a French academic journal. His wife was transported to Auschwitz , where she died in March As much as one might say: there are, in the history of philosophy, philosophies without subject and philosophies which exhaust themselves in a debauchery of honest or pharisean artifice, with perfect unawareness of being without substance, one will not discuss more than the dates; as much as one might say: the rebirths of the spirit correspond to the discovery of a new subject and the nuances are then swept away because one poses problems in grander terms; they will congratulate us on the ingeniousness of our designs.
But when one will say: forthwith, the problems will be posed in great terms; forthwith, the nuances will be swept away, because we see here the new substance: from here on we will not be more than the simple-minded and ignorant and as part of the bargain, ranters  ; And all the good disposition that one could have for our ideas will evaporate, suddenly, from the mere fact that we want to convey the precision that they entail.
For that is the law of the situation. The philosophers of philosophy without substance are unaware and the comedy brought to bear on them is that they know from science certain that they have had philosophers unaware of being without substance, and that they are perfectly incapable of diagnosing in themselves the ills that they recognize in others.
Car telle est la loi de la situation. And they find themselves therefore, happily, in discord with the state. The new philosophers will have nothing more than mere certainty. Truly, philosophying will become anew a dangerous occupation, as it was in heroic times. The philosophers will anew be the friends of the truth, but by the same turn, enemies of the gods, enemies of the state, and corrupters of youth. Philosophy will, anew, involve a risk. A selection will then take place.
The truth will be achieved only by those who love it to the point of daring to transform spiritual ventures into material ones. La philosophie comportera de nouveau un risque.
GEORGES POLITZER ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF PHILOSOPHY PDF
Elementary Principles of Philosophy