Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Where there is guardagujjas one rail instead of two, the trains zip guardagkjas and allow the first class passengers the side of the train riding on the rail. Mexican literature short stories. When the stranger asks the switchman how he knows all of this, the switchman replies that he is a retired switchman who visits train stations to reminisce about old times. The switchman tells the stranger that the inn is filled with people who have made that very same assumption, and who may one day actually get there. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.
|Published (Last):||2 March 2018|
|PDF File Size:||14.83 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.70 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Plot[ edit ] A stranger carrying a large suitcase runs towards a train station, and manages to arrive exactly at the time that his train bound for a town identified only as T.
As the man speculates about where his train might be, he feels a touch on his shoulder and turns to see a small old man dressed like a railroader and carrying a lantern. When he asks if the train has left, the old man wonders if the traveler has been in the country very long and advises him to find lodging at the local inn for at least a month.
The stranger is very confused; he has no plans to stay. The "switchman" tells the stranger that the country is famous for its railroad system; though many timetables and tickets have been produced, the trains do not follow them well. The residents accept this system, but hope for a change in the system. The stranger wants to know if a train going to T. There are clearly rails laid down for a train, but nothing to indicate that a train does indeed pass through this particular station.
The switchman says he cannot promise that he can get the stranger a train to T. He does not understand why the stranger insists on going to T. The stranger argues that he should be able to go to T. The switchman tells the stranger that the inn is filled with people who have made that very same assumption, and who may one day actually get there.
The switchman explains how the railroad company thinks of their railway system. In their view, their elaborate system, which includes accommodations for years-long trips and even for deaths, is very good.
The switchman then tells a story of certain train rides when the trains arrived at impossible locations. Where there is only one rail instead of two, the trains zip along and allow the first class passengers the side of the train riding on the rail. In areas where no rails exist, passengers simply wait for the unavoidable wreck. In some cases, new towns, like the town of F. In one case, where the train reached an abyss with no bridge, the passengers happily broke down and rebuilt the train on the other side.
The railroad management was so pleased that they decided to suspend any official bridge building and instead encourage the stripping and recreation of future trains. The stranger still wishes to travel on his train to T. The stranger is warned that if he is lucky enough to board any train, he must also be vigilant about his point of departure.
The railroad company occasionally creates false train stations in remote locations to abandon people when the trains become too crowded. As the stranger is very interested in this, the switchman once again encourages the stranger to try his luck, but warns him not to talk to fellow passengers, who may be spies, and to watch out for mirages that the railroad company generates.
When the stranger asks the switchman how he knows all of this, the switchman replies that he is a retired switchman who visits train stations to reminisce about old times. He has not ever traveled on a train and does not plan on doing so.
Suddenly, a train approaches and the switchman begins to signal it. The switchman turns to tell the stranger that he is lucky. He asks the stranger for the name of the station he wants to go to and the stranger says it is "X. Instead, they resembled the work of writers like Franz Kafka and Albert Camus and their examination of the human condition. Though some consider him to be a pioneer in the field on non-realistic literature, critics of him felt that social conditions in Mexico demanded a more realistic examination of the inequalities.
In his piece, Arreola focuses on reality as well. He feels that those with authority create absurd laws and conditions in their domain, and their subjects often willingly accept these absurdities, much like ordinary train passengers.
In addition, it is not really clear that the system does operate in the way the switchman claims: he may be an insane person or a liar. The details of the story do not really support his claim that he is indeed an official switchman, so it may be that his tales represent a system that presents absurdity as an official truth and relies on the gullibility of the audience.
EL GUARDAGUJAS DE JUAN JOSE ARREOLA PDF
His best-known and most anthologized tale, "The Switchman" exemplifies his taste for humor, satire, fantasy, and philosophical themes. The story, first published as "El guardagujas" in Cinco Cuentos in , is translated in Confabulario and Other Inventions Briefly summarized, "The Switchman" portrays a stranger burdened with a heavy suitcase who arrives at a deserted station at the exact time his train is supposed to leave. As he gazes at the tracks that seem to melt away in the distance, an old man the switchman carrying a tiny red lantern appears from out of nowhere and proceeds to inform the stranger of the hazards of train travel in this country. It seems that, although an elaborate network of railroads has been planned and partially completed, the service is highly unreliable. The horrified stranger, who keeps insisting that he must arrive at destination T the next day, is therefore advised to rent a room in a nearby inn, an ash-colored building resembling a jail where would-be travelers are lodged. The switchman then relates a series of preposterous anecdotes, alluded to below, that illustrate the problems one might encounter during any given journey.
Debo hallarme en T. Yo debo llegar a T. Como usted puede darse cuenta, los rieles existen, aunque un tanto averiados. En otras palabras, al subir a un tren, nadie espera ser conducido al sitio que desea. Hace circular trenes por lugares intransitables.