History Edit Ten years after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment , a number of global environmental challenges had clearly not been adequately addressed. In several ways, these challenges had grown. Particularly, the underlying problem of how to reduce poverty in low-income countries through more productive and industrialized economy without, in the process, exacerbating the global and local environmental burdens, remained unresolved. Neither high-income countries in the North nor low-income countries in the South were willing to give up an economic development based on growth, but environmental threats, ranging from pollution, acid rain, deforestation and desertification, the destruction of the ozone layer, to early signs of climate change, were impossible to overlook and increasingly unacceptable.
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Sponsored by the United Nations UN and chaired by Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland , the WCED explored the causes of environmental degradation , attempted to understand the interconnections between social equity , economic growth , and environmental problems, and developed policy solutions that integrated all three areas.
The WCED also called the Brundtland Commission was charged with proposing long-term solutions for bringing about sustainable development and continuing it into the 21st century. It was also tasked with finding ways in which the concern for the environment might be translated into greater cooperation between countries regarding issues of development and resource use and creating processes in which all countries could address their own environmental concerns and those of the world over the long term.
The Brundtland Report included chapters covering, among other topics within sustainable development, the role of the international economy, population and human resources, food security, species and ecosystems , energy , industry , and proposed legal principles for environmental protection.
The Brundtland Report also highlighted global population growth that could not continue indefinitely. It predicted that in the 21st century the world population would stabilize somewhere between 7. Although some of the highest population-growth rates were among developing countries, the report pointed out that the environmental impact of an additional individual born in an industrialized country was much greater than of one born in a developing country.
The report noted also that declining birth rates of the industrialized world would translate into a greater burden on the younger generations to support an aging population. For the developing world improved health and education, especially among women, were presented as solutions to the resource and demographic challenges posed by high birth rates. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. The report laid the foundations for the Rio Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in , which then ultimately led to the creation of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development that same year.
1987: Brundtland Report
Zulkisho Views Read Edit View history. Public domain Public domain false false. In addition, key contributions of Our Common Future to the concept of sustainable development include the recognition that the many crises facing the planet are interlocking crises that are elements of a single crisis of the whole  and of the vital need for the active participation of all sectors of society in consultation and decisions relating to sustainable development. From Wikipedia, the brundtlland encyclopedia.
The Brundtland Report ’Our Common Future’